One out of three rural water supply systems in developing countries doesn’t function at all or performs far below its promised level. IRC’s Triple-S (Sustainable Services at Scale) initiative has put together a web resource to help those involved in financing, planning or implementing rural water supply projects or providing services. The website brings together the latest thinking on creating water services that last, including results from Triple-S work in Ghana and Uganda. It covers key elements such as monitoring, financial planning, institutional models, and capacity building for service providers and local government. Here you’ll find tools, concepts, case studies, videos, cartoons, and more.
Web site: www.waterservicesthatlast.org
The h2.0 Monitoring Service to Inform and Empower Initiative is testing innovations in water and sanitation services monitoring, with special attention to providing public access to visual information through Google Earth. The h2.0 map viewer currently visualises datasets from Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya.
The h2.0 consortium consists of the following organisations:
Google.org, UN-HABITAT, GTZ, The University of Twente and WaterAid
Pilots are being implemented in collaboration with the Water Services Trust Fund of Kenya, the Zanzibar Water Authority, the Association of NGOs of Zanzibar, the National Bureau of Statistics of Tanzania, the Uganda Bureau of Statistics, the Action for Development Society, the Africa Leadership Institute, Nairobi City Water and Sewerage Company, Athi Water Services Board and Pamoja Trust.
The h2.0 platform was launched on 8 September 2010, during Stockholm World Water Week.
Web site: www.h20initiative.org
Posted in Sanitation, Web sites, Information and communication, Monitoring & evaluation, Water supply, Africa, Sustainable services
Tagged Tanzania, uganda, Google Earth, UN-HABITAT, WaterAid, Kenya, GTZ, University of Twente, Google.org, h2.0 Monitoring Service to Inform and Empower Initiative
Corruption in the water sector both puts at risk the lives of billions of people and slows development. Yet, there are many individuals, organisations and initiatives worldwide that have developed creative and effective ways to enhance water integrity. The Case Information Sheets are an initiative to support local action and disseminate this information on a global level. They are authored by individuals and groups who have suffered from the negative impacts of corruption on water provision and therefore initiated successful local actions to improve their situation.
There is a world map showing the locations where cases are from.
Case Information Sheets can be submitted online. Selected contributions receive an award of Euro 300.
So far the following Case Information Sheets have been published:
Posted in Africa, East Asia & Pacific, Latin America & Caribbean, Publications, Sanitation, South Asia, Transparency, Water supply
Tagged Bolivia, Colombia, India, Indonesia, Lesotho, S0907-Publications, uganda, Water Integrity Network, water utilities
Menon, S. (ed.) (2008). Decentralized local governance : perspectives and experiences. Hyderabad, India, Icfai University Press. 264 p. ISBN 978-81-314-1656-3
Price: US$ 17 (Overseas Orders) / INR 425 (Special Indian price)
Order online here
This book examines diverse perspectives of decentralized governance, the definition and implications of the concept, its genesis and growth in developed and developing countries, various forms of decentralization and the latest trends in the context of LPG (Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization) and changing role of governments. It also analyzes and critically evaluate the effectiveness of decentralization as a system of governance for securing people’s participation in the decision-making process, women empowerment, local leadership creation, economic development, improved public service delivery, local resource management and poverty alleviation. The book further highlights the experiences of some of the models of decentralized local governance, including France, Post-conflict Indonesia and China.
The book is divided into two sections. Section one contains articles dealing with different dimensions and perspectives of decentralization. Section two contains experiences of various countries in decentralized governance.
The book has republished two papers written by staff from the IRC International Water and Sanitation:
“Building Capacity for Decentralization: Case Study from India” written by Kathleen Shordt examines the strategies, techniques and lessons learned from capacity building programme called Scoping undertaken by UNICEF in India for decentralized service delivery at the local level. The case study highlights the fact that local capacity development through joint planning, stakeholder participation and optimum use of local resources are impertinent for the success of decentralized local governance and service provision.
Read the original case study here
“Decentralisation and the Role of NGOs in Combating Corruption in the WASH Sector“, by Bep van Oostrom and Cor Dietvorst, questions the common belief that decentralisation and privatisation of service delivery will lead to greater accountability and transparency. Case studies from Uganda and India find that more customers of decentralised systems have paid bribes than those of centralized system. Though decentralised and privatised delivery contributes to greater coverage of service, it suffers from sustainability, quality, community ownership and equitable access. The article also highlights some successful experiences in which multipurpose water and sanitation committees of local self-government developed systematic tools for better delivery of services with the help of community monitoring and collaboration with NGOs. Examples are community monitoring in Kerala, community mapping in Uganda.
Read the original paper here.
Posted in Africa, East Asia & Pacific, Europe & Central Asia, Governance, Participatory Management, Publications, Sanitation, South Asia, Water supply
Tagged decentralisation, India, local governance, uganda
Capacity.org. Issue 36, April 2009
Capacity development for water and sanitation
Published by: ECDPM, SNV Netherlands Development Organisation and UNDP
ISSUE 36 | APRIL 2009 | [PDF]
This issue of Capacity.org looks at the capacities that need to be developed in order for the water and sanitation targets for 2015 to be achievable. The main focus is on capacity needs at the intermediate and local levels, but links between macro-level policy making and local-level implementation are also addressed.
In the feature article, James Winpenny gives an overview of the capacity needs of local practitioners in the context of the institutional environment in which they work. Our guest columnist, Ravi Narayanan, also emphasises the importance of having a broad organisational and institutional approach rather than thinking of capacity development purely in terms of training people.
There is general consensus among policy makers at the international and national levels on the need for investments in water and sanitation. The challenge is to build institutional capacity to ensure that funds are allocated effectively through sector planning, budgeting and strategic financial planning. This is not an easy task, and the fact that donors do not adhere to the Paris Declaration does not help.
A recently published report by the International Water and Sanitation Centre (IRC) (see page 15) shows that only 29% of the European official development assistance (ODA) to the water sector in Africa is provided through budget support. The remaining 71% is channelled through separate programmes and projects, often with their own programme implementation units. Mr. Abebe Ayenew of the Ministry of Water Resources in Ethiopia explains how the Ethiopian government is addressing this fragmented donor support.
But even those funds that are successfully channelled to the local level are not necessarily allocated to water and sanitation. Water supply usually ranks reasonably high on the political agenda, but sanitation and hygiene tend to get very little attention. This may seem odd, given the tremendous positive impacts sanitation and hygiene can have. But in most cultures these are very private matters. You need a clever strategy and well-developed communication skills to discuss with people where not to defecate and the advantages of washing hands. In her contribution to this issue, Shyama Ramani tells a story of a unique approach she applied in India to encourage people to use and maintain their lavatories. It takes courageous leaders to put sanitation and hygiene high on the agenda. Carmen da Silva-Wells, Patience Turyareeba and Brecht Mommen explain in their article how leadership, coordination and the willingness to learn are key factors of success in Uganda.
The importance of community participation at all stages of developing water, sanitation and hygiene has been long recognised. However, as Barbara van Koppen, Rudolph Glotzback and Jackson Wandera show in their articles in this issue, astonishingly little headway has been made in this respect. There is still far too much top-down planning that is often based on wrong assumptions about peoples’ needs. Their articles give clear guidance on how to engage in genuine and effective consultations with the people concerned.
From the editorial by Heinz Greijn, Editor in Chief
Posted in Africa, Capacity development, Financing, Hygiene promotion, Journals, On-site sanitation, Participatory Management, Policies & legislation, South Asia, Water supply
Tagged Ethiopia, India, MDGs, uganda
In October 2007, a team of consultants from the Hygiene Improvement Project (HIP) visited Uganda to determine if sanitation marketing would be a viable approach in Uganda, and to make specific recommendations to HIP and the donor community that would move the sanitation marketing agenda forward. This report presents the key findings and recommendations stemming from the trip.
The overarching conclusion is that sanitation marketing is both a viable and needed approach to increase sanitation uptake among rural households in Uganda. The team based its assessment on an analysis of the policy environment, formative research, and local-level conditions concerning Uganda’s rural household sanitation sector.
Download the publication here